All Articles Recording & Production
Joe Albano on Tue, February 21st 0 comments
Microphones come with many different polar patterns and understanding these can be key to getting a great recording. Joe Albano breaks down which ones to use, and when.

Patterns of behavior

A multi-pattern mic
Fig 2 Small-diaphragm and large-diaphragm mics

Omni

Fig 3 An omnidirectional mic pattern

Bi (Figure-8)

Fig 4 A bi-directional (Figure 8) mic pattern—sound from the sides is cancelled

Cardioid

Fig 5 A basic Cardioid pattern
Fig 6 Hypercardioid and Supercardioid patterns have off-center rear nulls

Multi-pattern mics

Off-axis pickup & frequency response

Fig 7 A typical polar pattern, showing off-axis response at different frequencies

Applications

On stage

Fig 8 A typical application for a mic with a Hypercardioid or Supercardioid pattern

Wrap Up

Learn more about recording techniques in the Ask Audio Academy here. 
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