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Pro Tools 104 - Mixing & Automation.
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Master bus processing...
is up to the mix engineer; some use it, some don't
is always required for every mix, no exceptions
must never be used at the mix stage, no exceptions
Is only used when mastering
Mix processing includes:
EQ, Compression, Overdubbing, Comping
EQ, Dynamics, Delay, Reverb
EQ, Dynamics, Elastic Audio, Auto-Punch
Recording and Automation
setting the levels & pans and applying processing to the individual tracks in a multitrack session
matching and balancing the overall level of all the songs included on an album
the same as recording
matching the overall tonal balance of all the songs included on an album
follow the channel fader, except in the Master Fader
precede the channel fader, except in the Master Fader
are only found on Instrument tracks
are only found in the Master Fader channel strip
Hard-panning a stereo track or a stereo-doubled track means
panning the left & right sides only part of the way left & right
using M/S processing
panning both the left & right sides to the center, creating a hard mono signal
panning the left & right sides all the way left & right
How do you call an Expander that's used to remove low-level noise and leakage?
a Noise Gate
a Strip Silencer
Which type of track incorporates both audio and MIDI data?
The one hard-and-fast rule in modern mixing is…
the kick drum must always be the loudest element in the mix
the snare drum must always be the loudest element in the mix
the vocal must always be at least 3 dB louder than any other track in the mix
there are no hard-and-fast rules in mixing
Setting level and pan is a mixing activity. True or false?
Two types of reverb processors are:
spring and fall reverbs
wet reverbs and dry reverbs
automatic reverbs and manual reverbs
algorithmic reverbs and convolution reverbs
ADT stands for
Active Digital Transfer, which is used to render a second musical part
Automated Dual-Taping, which is an emulation of an old analog mixing trick
Automatic Delay Transformer, which is used to modulate the delay time
Artificial Double-Tracking, which is the technical name for electronic doubling
Within a Channel Strip, the actual order of signal flow is…
Input, Inserts, Post-Fader Sends, Channel Fader, Pre-Fader Sends, Pan, Output
Input, Inserts, Pre-Fader Sends, Pan, Channel Fader, Post-Fader Sends, Output
Input, Inserts, Pre-Fader Sends, Channel Fader, Post-Fader Sends, Pan, Output
Input, Inserts, Pre-Fader Sends, Pan, Channel Fader, Output
Staggering frequency ranges when EQing a mix means…
boosting one track and cutting another at the same (or a similar) frequency for tonal clarity
mixing while slightly drunk, to get a better sense of the overall tonal balance
boosting several tracks at the same (or a similar) frequency for tonal power
Delay-based effects like Flanging and Chorusing incorporate
periodic LFO modulation to impart movement to the effect
delay times above 100 milliseconds, for clarity
a very low Threshold combined with a soft knee setting
Mixing in Pro Tools can include:
composing, recording and mastering
level balance, panning, processing, and automation
recording, editing, and mastering
tracking, overdubbing, and comping
For mixing, the metering would normally be set to:
When you use the Bounce-to-Disk command…
you create a new stereo audiof ile of the full mix
you make a full backup of both the Session File and all the individual audiofiles in the session
it creates a great-sounding master automatically
you make a full backup of all the individual audio files in the session
For more subtle, gradual overall compression, you might dial up…
a lower Threshold and Ratio, possibly combined with a soft-Knee setting
a very high Threshold and Ratio, always combined with a hard-Knee setting
a Brickwall Limiter
What are the sections of a Channel Strip in Pro Tools?
Inserts, Sends, I/O, Pan, Channel Fader
Inserts, Sends, Audio, Video, Channel Fader
Inserts, Sends, Elastic Audio, Channel Fader
When a Mix Group is assigned to a VCA Fader…
Groups can't be assigned to VCA Faders
you can't adjust the individual faders while the VCA link is active
you can adjust the individual faders even while the VCA link is active
Clip Gain differs from regular (track) Automation in that…
it affects the audio signal after the signal passes through the inserts
it can change the level of the audio at different points in the song/session
there is no difference
it affects the audio signal before the signal reaches the channel strip
Name 2 ways to create Automation in Pro Tools.
Copy it or paste it in
Draw it in with the pencil or draw it in with the mouse
Record it in realtime by moving faders & controls or draw it in
Write or Latch
What are the five basic Automation modes in Pro Tools?
Read, Write, Latch, Trim, and Slice
Read, Write, Latch, Trim, and Save
Off, Read, Write, Touch, and Latch
Read, Write, Touch, Trim, and Fade
The best way to approach a mix is to…
go back & forth between processing individual tracks and adjusting the full mix
process individual channels first; when they're completely done, then blend them in the mix
do a full level & pan mix first; when that's final, then process the tracks individually
Two types of bussing include:
Subgroups and Send & Return
Instrument and Audio tracks
Master Stereo Bus and Elastic Audio
Automation and Clip Gain
Pro Tools 104
Mixing & Automation
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