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Pro Tools 105 - Mastering Essentials.
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Mastering activities that can be performed in Pro Tools include:
EQ, compression, brickwall limiting, multiband compression, and M-S processing
EQ, compression, and brickwall limiting
A brickwall limiter...
absolutely cuts the audio below a set frequency, before limiting
absolutely cuts the audio above a set frequency, before limiting
absolutely prevents the signal from exceeding a set Threshold
is used for brick wall limiting
Pro Tools' included EQs are:
switchable between minimum-phase & linear-phase
standard minimum-phase EQs
A standard chain for mastering processing would be:
EQ, Compression, Limiting
EQ, Limiting, Reverb
EQ, Comrpession, Reverb
EQ, Delay, Reverb
When A/B'ing the masters-in-progress against commercial reference tracks…
the average levels should be level-matched for valid comparison
you should never A/B your track against commercial releases
the masters and reference tracks should be played simultaneously
the masters-in-progress should always be 6dB louder than the reference tracks
An Offline Bounce…
renders the new file in real time while playing the audio
can only be done when disconnected from the internet
should be avoided
renders the new file silently in faster-then-real time
The best approach to mastering multiple songs is to…
use the same chain of mastering processors for all the songs
master all the song in the same project
open each song in a separate Pro Tools session
use a separate chain of mastering processors for each song
is used in place of brickwall limiting
applies independent compression in several frequency bands
chains several mastering compressors in sequence
is used place of a saturator
Two additional processors that might be used in mastering are…
an enhancer and a slap echo
an exciter and a reverb
a chorus and a flanger
delay and reverb
A common approach to mastering compression uses…
a very high Ratio and a very fast Attack
a very high Threshold and a very fast Attack
lower Ratio and lower Threshold settings
stacking 5 compressors in a row
The new level scale used for Loudness Normalization is...
the LUFS scale
the dBu scale
the dB scale
the dBspl scale
You can implement M-S processing in Pro Tools by…
Pro Tools does not include any M-S plug-ins so it can't be done
exporting the audio to a third-party standalone M-S application
inserting multi-mono plug-ins between LR->MS and MS->LR plug-ins
M/S processing is a myth. It doesn’t exist.
A vectorscope displays:
the instantaneous level of an audio signal that is passing through
the dynamic frequency balance of the song
the relative phase between the left and right channels
the average loudness over the length of the song
What is Mastering?
The process of duplicating a final mix
A processing only done for analog media
The final stage of audio production
The same as Mixing
When EQ'ing, a smile curve is…
a broad, gentle boost of the highs & lows
a great-sounding EQ guaranteed to make the listener smile
a broad midrange boost centered around 1kHz
the application of both highpass & lowpass filters
In the Avid Pro Multiband compressor, Slope...
is a combination Ratio/Knee control
is a smiling EQ
is a combined Attack/Release control
is a frequency tilt EQ to augment the compression
To comply with most modern Loudness standards, a good setting would be...
a ceiling of -1dBTP
a ceiling of -.3dBfs
a ceiling of -14 dBfs
a ceiling of 10 dBfs
Which of the following compressors is included with Pro Tools?
Compressor/Limiter III, Channel Strip Compressor and BF-76
Channel Strip Compressor
M-S processing converts L/R stereo audio to…
a Mid (sum) channel and a Sides (difference) channel
a Max (high-level) channel and a Soft (low-level) channel
5.1 surround audio with simulated rear channel ambience
a mono signal to stereo
Character processors are typically plug-ins that…
remotely control an actual external hardware unit
are designed by famous engineers
special effect processors that are applied on top of standard processing
emulate the sound & response of analog hardware
In the analog era, mastering was primarily done to…
transfer a mix from tape to vinyl
transfer a mix from vinyl to tape
create hotter CDs
create a stereo mix from a mono mix
In a typical mastering session…
you might work on EQ & compression before applying brickwall limiting
you must always apply brickwall limiting before setting the other processing
you should never A/B the song against other songs during mastering
you should apply reverb first
Pro Tools 105
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